Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a commonly identified risk factor for female infertility. In PCOS, a woman can have many cysts on her ovaries that can stimulate hormone production and thus lead to hormonal imbalance.
Another example of cysts that can affect conception are endometriomas that result from endometriosis. Endometriosis is a condition where the lining of the uterus grows abnormally outside of the uterus.
Other types of cysts exist however, that aren’t necessarily linked to infertility. There are three main types that should not affect your ability to conceive. Functional cysts occur as part of your normal menstruation, cystadenomas are benign growths in the ovaries, and dermoid cysts have a structure that is comprised of tissue rather than fluid.