Male infertility is common throughout the world and estimated to be the cause of a coupleâ€™s infertility in up to 40% of all cases.
Although complex mechanisms drive male infertility, itâ€™s often diagnosed by low sperm number or abnormal shape or motility. Â This infertility can be caused by genetic, anatomical, or environmental factors.
In order for a man to protect his fertility, it is important to be aware of the factors that can affect male fertility. Â A recent article highlighted a number of factors and treatments related to male infertility:
Infections. Â STDs and some other infections can cause obstructions in the vas deferens, which will impede the movement of sperm. Â Surgery may be required to fix this problem.
Trauma. Â Injury to the testes can lead to a low sperm count. Â Fertility therapies such as intracytoplasmic sperm injection or in-vitro fertilization may help isolate healthy sperm for egg fertilization.
Swellings. Â Varicoceles, the swelling of veins that drain the testicles, can cause a reduction in sperm count due to high temperatures. Â Surgery can often correct this condition.
Heat. Â High groin temperature from tight underwear or other exposures to heat can lead to a decrease in sperm count. Â Avoid sources of groin heat such as hot tubs, long bicycling, or tight briefs.
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