Trends in fertility medicine show that more women are relying on sperm donors to conceive.
The typical woman seeking sperm donation is over the age of 35, career-oriented, and affluent. Â Dr. Prakash Patel, a gynecologist and proprietor of a fertility clinic, says heâ€™s receiving many more single women interested in sperm donations than 10 years ago.
Women are also often interested in choosing physical traits that they would like in their offspring. Â For instance, using sperm donation, women can choose skin tone, hair and eye color easily, though the outcomes arenâ€™t guaranteed.
The donors and recipients are anonymous to each other, which has lead to restrictions on the amount of offspring allowed per donor. Â Dr. Patelâ€™s clinic is limited to eight pregnancies per donor.
The process of artificial insemination is relatively simple if the woman has normal, healthy reproductive organs and hormones.
Women will typically receive a drug to induce ovulation that will release more eggs than normal. Â This allows for better chances of conception.
She then undergoes insemination at her peak fertility timeframe and is tested for pregnancy 2 weeks later.
Anonymous sperm donation has lead some groups to question the practice, stating that offspring may develop emotional problems as a result of not knowing their father.