Uterine fibroids are common, affecting around 40% of all women. Typically benign, they are the result of abnormal tissue growth in the muscle layer of the uterus.
They can cause pain in some women, especially during menstruation, when the surface of the fibroids are also shed. Physicians will commonly treat the condition with pain medication.
The fibroids can grow quite large, up to 20 cm in diameter. Once they become too large, they can cause fertility problems and increase the risk of miscarriage by altering the shape of the uterus.
For a fibroid causing severe pain or heavy menstruation, the typical course of treatment would be a hysterectomy, which causes permanent infertility and is a serious undertaking, or surgical removal that requires dilating the cervix to 9 cm.
However, a new technique makes fibroid removal much easier for both physician and patient.
MyoSure was developed in the U.S. in 2009 and provides a local anesthetic option for fibroid removal. It consists of a slim wand with a blade that rotates 6,000 times a minute. It is inserted into the vagina and used to shave down the fibroid.
Due to the small size of the device, the cervix needs only to be dilated to 6 cm.
Following the procedure, heavy menstruation should cease immediately.