Male infertility is estimated to contribute to couples’ fertility problems in about 30% of all cases of infertility.
Typically, male infertility is the result of low sperm production or the production of defective sperm.
Poor sperm production may be the result of lifestyle factors such as infrequent sexual intercourse, being overweight, smoking cigarettes and the use of recreational drugs.
Obstructions in sperm transport channels can arise from sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhoea or chlamydia.
Problems with hormone production, testicular diseases, and genetic conditions may contribute to abnormal sperm production. Unknown causes may also lead to issues with sperm production.
Men can undergo a fertility analysis to determine their level of fertility. Men should give a semen sample and may undergo a testicular clinical examination.
Unless an anatomical disorder is diagnosed, most treatments will depend on alterations in lifestyle factors.